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Taras Shevchenko

Encyclopedia of the life and works


Andruzsky George

George L. Andruzsky (May 26, (7 June) 1827 – ? [After 1864]) – Ukrainian political thinker and poet.

George was born in village (now – Pyryatyn district, Poltava region.) in a family of small landowner Lev Vladimirovich Andruzsky and Anna Yakovlevna Andruzsky (from Jablonovski). The bulk of our knowledge about him and his work comes from his investigation file in connection with the case Cyril and Methodius society, in particular, his autobiography of 1850.

In the 1839 – 1845 studied at the 1st Kiev Gymnasium, and since 1845 – in the Kiev university.

April 2, 1847 he was arrested in Kiev on returning from his native village. May 30, 1847 emperor approved the verdict Andruzsky: send to study to Kazan university, to give under strict supervision, after graduation forbid to live in Ukraine. In addition, he was forbidden to talk about the case in which he was convicted.

In December 1847 he was dismissed from the Kazan university due to ill health. The place of his service was determined Petrozavodsk (center Olonets province).

March 19, 1850 Andruzsky was arrested for the second time. During the search, seized another draft constitution and many other his works. Emperor at April 5 ordered Andruzsky exiled to the Solovetsky Monastery on indefinite time, until further orders. To the monastery Andruzsky taken May 23, 1850, and there he stayed until October 1854, when it was ordered to transfer him to serve in Arkhangelsk.

Only November 30, 1856 Tsar Alexander 2nd agreed to release Andruzsky from exile. He was allowed to serve in Poltava under police surveillance. At the beginning of January 1864 in St. Petersburg was given permission to release Andruzsky from police surveillance. The following fate Andruzsky is unknown.

In creativity Andruzsky serves primarily as a political thinker, the author of the constitutional project in the national spirit. As a poet Andruzsky was the author of romantic poems in Ukrainian and Russian languages.

Shevchenko and Andruzsky

1. They were not very familiar, as the stated Shevchenko himself (Apr 21, 1847). In his witness from May 17 1847 Andruzsky no mention of the fact that his personal familiarity with Shevchenko, but said only that he knew something about Shevchenko.

So all the stories Andruzsky about Shevchenko in interrogation Apr 14, 1847 should be considered police fantasies, that Shevchenko firmly rejected during confrontation with Andruzsky.

2. The only real fact of their contacts – this is poetry G. L. Andruzsky "", addressed to Taras Shevchenko. It was found among the papers Shevchenko seized from him during the arrest, and apparently was given to him personally Andruzsky.

Since it is clear that Andruzsky very highly appreciated of Shevchenko as a poet.

3. The assumption expressed in the literature on the impact of Shevchenko to poetry Andruzsky not self-evident. It needs further study.

N. Zh., June 29, 2016