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Taras Shevchenko

Encyclopedia of the life and works


Kvitka-Osnovjanenko Gregory

Копія з портрету Г. Ф.…

Gregory F. Kvitka (november 18, 1778, village Osnova (now within Kharkiv) – August 8, 1843, Kharkiv) – representative of ancient Slobozhansky kin of Ukrainian Cossacks, from which came many officers. In the literature he appeared under the pseudonym Hrytsko Osnovjanenko, derived from the name of his native village.

Already in the late 19th century in the literature about the writer begins to use the double surname Kvitka-Osnovjanenko, that became his instant surname.

Systematically engagement in literary work Kvitka became very late in 1827, when he was 49 years old. His first works were written in Russian. Still later, in 1832, he began writing works of Ukrainian, although was not leaving Russian until the end of life. In literature, he became famous as a playwright of comedies and novelist.

Among Kvitka's prose heritage first place belongs to his novels and short stories from the life of the common Ukrainian, written in the spirit of sentimentalism.

Kvitka-Osnovjanenko and Shevchenko

1. The writers were not personally acquainted. G. F. Kvitka-Osnovjanenko learned about Shevchenko from a letter E. Grebinka on November 18, 1838. Grebinka, informing about the preparations for Ukrainian almanac, highly appreciated the poetry of Shevchenko.

2. Kvitka-Osnovjanenko in late 1838 or early 1839 sent to almanac his story "". Due Grebinka Shevchenko could read this story still in manuscript, which was the impetus for writing the poem "Catherine".

3. An essay "" by Kvitka-Osnovjanenko was published in October 1839, in "Otechestevennye zapiski (Notes of the Fatherland)" magazine. After reading it, Shevchenko wrote his epistle "To Osnovjanenko" and sent to him a letter (this letter is not preserved). Thus began a correspondence of the two writers.

4. From the correspondence it is evident that both writers are very highly valued works of each other.

5. In 1841, Shevchenko fulfilled illustration for essay G. F. Kvitka-Osnovjanenko "Witch Doctor." Text and illustrations were published in the same year in the book "Our written off from life Russian".

6. In 1841 – 1842 Shevchenko worked on illustration for the story G. F. Kvitka-Osnovjanenko "Panna sotnikovna (Miss centurion’s daughter)", but this work was not finished.

7. In 1843, Shevchenko performed a sketch "Anton Holovaty at Neva", which to some extent can be associated with essay Kvitka-Osnovjanenko.

8. In 1847, Shevchenko had more restrained assessed the works of G. F. Kvitka-Osnovjanenko.


G. F. Kvitka-Osnovjanenko – to Taras Shevchenko

February 19, 1841 Taras Shevchenko – to G. F. Kvitka-Osnovjanenko

G. F. Kvitka-Osnovjanenko – to Taras Shevchenko

G. F. Kvitka-Osnovjanenko – to Taras Shevchenko

December 8, 1841 Taras Shevchenko – to G. F. Kvitka-Osnovjanenko

March 28, 1842 Taras Shevchenko – to G. F. Kvitka-Osnovjanenko

G. F. Kvitka-Osnovjanenko – to Taras Shevchenko

M. Zh., June 25, 2016